TLO’s research and analysis section aims to fill the gap in knowledge and understanding to guide overall engagement and development initiativesin Afghanistan. Tailored to meet client needs, our research includes topic-specific research, policy relevant commentaries as well as provincial/district assessments. TLO’s research works with the “Do-no-Harm” framework and aims to increase development actors’ understanding of the conflict context. The Do-No-Harm methodology recognizes that, regardless of intent, assistance in conflict or post-conflict environments is not neutral in its impact. Aid projects and development gains that do not benefit the community as a whole can hinder reconciliation efforts, embolden spoilers, and re-ignite conflict. Adhering to the do-no-harm philosophy, TLO undertakes thorough bottom-up research in order to understand community structures, decision-making and conflict resolution mechanisms prior to engagement.